Prophet Muhammad (sallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam)
was born in Mecca located in the Arabian Peninsula in
the year 570 A.D.. Since his father died before his
birth and his mother died shortly thereafter, he was
raised by his uncle who was from the respected tribe
of Quraysh. He was raised illiterate, unable to read
or write, and remained so up until his death. As he
grew up, he became known as truthful, trustworthy, generous,
and sincere. He was so trustworthy that he was addressed
as such, Al-Ameen (Trustworthy).
Muhammad (sallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam) was very contemplative
and he had long detested the decadence and idolatry
of his society. At the age of forty, Muhammad (sallAllahu
'alaihi wa sallam) received his first revelation from
Allah through the Angel Jibreel (Gabriel). The revelations
continued for twenty-three years, and they are collectively
known as the Qur'aan.
Hadeeth, being the speech of Muhammad (sallAllahu 'alaihi
wa sallam) are also considered a second type of revelation,
however these statements are not considered the direct
wording of Allah. As soon as he began to recite the
Qur'aan and preach the truth which Allah had revealed
to him, he and his small group of followers suffered
persecution from unbelievers. The persecution grew so
fierce that in the year 622 A.D., Allah gave them the
command to emigrate. This emigration from Mecca to the
city of Medina, some 260 miles to the north, marks the
beginning of the Muslim calendar.
After several years, Muhammad (sallAllahu 'alaihi wa
sallam) and his followers were able to return to Makkah
where they forgave their enemies. Before Muhammad (sallAllahu
'alaihi wa sallam) died at the age of sixty-three, the
greater part of the Arabian Peninsula had become Muslim
and within a century of his death, Islam had spread
to Spain in the West and as far East as China.
Among the reasons for the rapid and peaceful spread
of Islam was the truth and clarity of its doctrine.
Islam calls for the faith in only One God, Who is the
only one worthy of worship.
The Prophet Muhammad (sallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam)
was a perfect example of an honest, just, merciful,
compassionate, truthful, and brave human being. He was
far removed from all evil characteristics and strove
solely for the sake of Allah and His reward in the Hereafter.
In all his actions and dealings, he was ever mindful
For more information on Biography of
Prophet Muhammad (saas), please visit http://www.prophetmuhammed.org