Source: The Clear Path Issue Five
Copyright: The Clear Path


... To Worship Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) Alone.

Indeed the purpose of existence of mankind is to worship their Lord, He (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) created us for this wise purpose as He (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) says in the Qur'aan:

"And I have not created Jinn and Men except that they may worship Me" [Qur'aan 51:56]

Thus from this verse we can clearly see that our purpose on this earth is to worship the one who created us and not to join any partners with him in worship. Hence it is our duty to fulfil the purpose of our creation and we 
are need of the almighty Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala), as Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) says:

"O mankind! It is you who stand in need of Allaah, but Allaah is Rich (Free of all wants and needs), Worthy of All Praise" [Qur'aan 35:15]

As we have seen previously the worship of Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) alone without any partner is known as Tawheed. Tbis was also the call that all of the Prophets came with. But what does Tawheed actually mean?

Tawheed consists of three categories:

Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah - The Tawheed of Allaah's (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) Lordship

This is the acknowledgement that only Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) is the Lord, the creator, the owner, the provider and the sustainer of the creation, as Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) says:

Say (O Muhammad): Who provides for you from the sky and the Earth? Or who owns the hearing and the sight? And who brings out the living from the dead and the dead from the living? And who disposes the affairs? They will say: 
"Allaah". Say: Will you then not be afraid of Allaah's punishment (for setting up rivals in worship with Allaah)
[Qur'aan 10:31]

Tawheed al-Uloohiyah - Tawheed of Worship

This is to make all forms of worship for Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) alone, such as Supplication, Taking Oaths, Slaughtering, Hope, Fear, Reliance, Aspiration, Repentance, Remorse and all other acts of worship whether they are actions of the heart, the tongue or the limbs. All of this must be directed towards Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) alone and no share of it must be given to the creation.

Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) says in the Qur'aan:

"Verily I am Allaah, none has the right to be worshipped except Me, so worship Me alone" [Qur'aan 20:14]

The worshipper recites the following verse at least 17 times in a day:

"You alone do we worship and you alone do we ask for help" [Qur'aan 1:4]

The Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) said: "When you ask then ask Allaah, and when you seek help then seek help from Allaah" [Hassan-saheeh - at-Tirmidhee]

Tawheed al-Asma was-Siffat - Tahweed of Allaah's (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) Names and Attributes

This is the firm belief in everything, which is found in the Book of Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) and is reported in the Authentic Sunnah of his Messenger (sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa-Sallam) regarding Allaah's (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) Names and Attributes. Thay by which Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) has described Himself or by which the Messenger (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) described Him.

Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) says:

"And to Allaah belong the Most Beautiful Names so call upon Him by them. And leave the company of those who belie or deny (or utter impious speech) against His Names. They will be requitted for what they used to do" [Qur'aan 7:180]

Tawheed in this category neccesitates the worshipper affirmimg all these names and attributes without denying or negating them, asking about their modality, changing their meanings, interpreting them in a different way or likening them to the creation.

Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) also said:

"There is none like unto Him and He is the Hearer, the Seer" [Qur'aan 42:11]

It should be known that the unbelievers during the time of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) did not deny the first category of Tawheed. They believed in the Lorship of Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala), but this did not cause them to be Muslims.

Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) says:

"If you were to ask them who created them they would say Allaah" [Qur'aan 43:9]

They were not Muslims despite this belief because they did not worship or call upon Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) alone. Therefore the meaning of the shahadah is NOT "There is no god but Allaah" since this fact was not denied 
by those polytheists but its correct meaning is "None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala)".

From: http://www.theclearpath.com/

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