Types of Kufr (Disbelief)


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The Qu'ran uses the word Kufr to denote people who cover up or hide realities. The Qu'ran uses this word to identify those who denied Allah's favors by not accepting His Dominion and Authority. Kufr thus is an antonym for Iman or disbelief in Allah and a Kafir is a non-believer. This type of Kufr is called AL-KUFRUL AKBAR or major kufr. There are many types of Al-Kufrul Akbar

1. Kufrul-'Inaad:

Disbelief out of stubborness. This applies to someone who knows the truth and admits to knowing the truth and admits to knowing it with his tongue, but refuses to accept it and refrains from making a declaration. Allah(swt) says: Throw into Hell every stubborn disbeliever [Surah Qaaf (50), Ayah 24]

2. Kufrul-Inkaar:

Disbelief out of denial. This applies to someone who denies with both heart and tongue.

Allah(swt) says: They recognize the favors of Allah, yet they deny them. Most of them are disbelievers. [Surah Nahl(16), Ayah 83]

3. Kufrul-Kibr:

Disbelief out of arrogance and pride. The disbelief by the devils (Iblis) is an example of this type of Kufr.

4. Kufrul-Juhood:

Disbebelief out of rejection. This applies to someone who aknowledges the truth in his heart, but rejects it with his tongue. This types of kufr is applicable to those who calls themselves Muslims but who reject any necessary and accepted norms of Islam such as Salaat and Zakat.

Allah (swt) says: They denied them (OUR SIGNS) even though their hearts believed in them , out of spite and arrogance. [Surah Naml(27), Ayah 14]

5. Kufrul-Nifaaq:

Disbelief out of hypocrisy.This applies to someone who pretends to be a believer but conceals his disbelief. Such a person is called a MUNAFIQ or hypocrite.

Allah( swt) says: Verily the hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of Hell. You will find no one to help them. [Surah An Nisaa (4), Ayah 145]

6. Kufrul-Istihaal:

Disbelief out of trying to make HARAM into HALAL. This applies to someone who accepts as lawful (Halal) that which Allah has made unlawful(Haram) like alcohol or adultery.Only Allah(swt) has the prerogative to make things Halal and Haram and those who seek to interfere with His right are like rivals to Him and therefore fall outside the boundries of faith.

7. Kufrul-Kurh:

Disbelief out of detesting any of Allah's(swt) commands. Allah(swt) says: Perdition (destruction) has been consigned to those who disbelieve and He will render their actions void. This is because they are averse to that which Allah has revealed so He has made their actions fruitless. [Surah Muhammed (47), Ayah 8-9]

8. Kufrul-Istihzaha:

Disbelief due to mockery and derision.

Allah (swt) says: Say: Was it at Allah, His signs and His apostles that you were mocking? Make no excuses. You have disbelieved after you have believed. [Surah Taubah (9), ayah 65-66]

9. Kufrul-I'raadh:

Disbelief due to avoidance. This applies to those who turn away and avoid the truth.

Allah(swt) says: And who is more unjust than he who is reminded of his Lord's signs but then turns away from them. Then he forgets what he has sent forward (for the Day of Judgement) [Surah Kahf(18), Ayah 57]

10. Kufrul-Istibdaal:

Disbelief because of trying to substitute Allah's Laws. This could take the form of: (a) Rejection of Allah's law(Shariah) without denying it (b) Denial of Allah's law and therefore rejecting it, or (c) Substituting Allah's laws with man-made laws.

Allah (swt) says: Or have they partners with Allah who have instituted for them a religion which Allah has not allowed. [Surah Shuraa(42), Ayah 8]

Allah(swt) says: Say not concerning that which your tongues put forth falsely (that) is lawful and this is forbidden so as to invent a lie against Allah. Verily, those who invent a lie against Allah will never prosper. [Surah Nahl (16), Ayah 116]

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The Ruling for Abusing the Deen,

or Allaah, or the Messenger

Shaykh Ahmed Fareed

On the Issue of Takfeer

From the Book "Al `Udhr bil Jahl", Adapted by Abu Muntasir ibn Mohar Ali

© 1997 Jam`iat Ihyaa Minhaj al-Sunnah



Shaikhul-Islaam said, “The one who abuses (the Messenger), if he is a Muslim – then he becomes a kaafir and is killed – about which there is no disagreement – and this is the position of the Four Imams and others – and as has preceded some such as Ishaaq ibn Rahawaih and others have declared that there is Ijma` about that.” [as-Saarimul-Maslool `alaa Shaatimin-Rasool]

He also said about one who abused the Messenger, sallallahu `alahhi wa sallam: “So anyone who abuses him or speaks ill of him – from those who declare him to be a Messenger – then that is a proof of his wicked belief and his kufr – indeed it is a proof of his taking him as a joke and a mockery, so if a proof has appeared about his inner state then no notice is taken of the outer appearance since we known that inwardly he is different.” [as-Saarimul-Maslool `alaa Shaatimin-Rasool]

Ash-Shaikh `Alee al-Malikee says: “So if anyone speaks against the pure Sharee`ah and the rulings which Allaah has laid down for his servants upon the tongue of His Messenger (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) then he is a definite kaafir – if he declares that openly he is an apostate (Murtad) and either he repents or he is killed, and if he seeks to hide that then he is a hypocritical heretic (Zindeeq) who is killed even if he repents. If however he speaks against a person and his state and his practicing the Deen – then he is abusing a Muslim – and its punishment is as the judge sees fit and whether this will be different to the first case will be determined by confession and examination of the circumstances, and some of them make the same as the first case with regard to its ruling. And as is known the Great Qur’aan is from the Deen and abusing it is kufr.” [Fathul-`Alee al-Maalik fil fataawaa `alaa Madhhabil Imaam Malik” (2/347)

And the committee of scholars of Saudi Arabia answered the question: ‘What is the ruling for the one who abuses the Deen if he is ignorant – does he have the excuse of ignorance or not in this case?’

The reply was: “Abusing Allaah or His words or anything from Him is kufr – and likewise abusing the Messenger, sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam, or his Sunnah or anything from it, or abusing the Deen of a person – if his Deen is Islaam – so if he is ignorant of that then the ruling must be explained to him – and if he does not give up his abusing then he is a kaafir and an apostate, outside Islaam – he either repents or is executed as Allaah says: ‘Say: Was it Allaah, and His Ayaat and His Messenger that you were mocking?’ Make no excuse; you have disbelieved after you had believed.’ [9:65-66] (Fatwaa no. 5213, dated 15/1/1403H.)


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The below added by me:


"Truly, Allaah loves those who turn unto Him in repentance and loves those who purify themselves (by taking a bath and cleaning and washing thoroughly their private parts, bodies, for their prayers, etc.)." [al-Baqarah 2:222] 


"Say: "O 'Ibaadi (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allaah, verily Allaah forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." [al-Zumar 39:53]


"Say to those who have disbelieved, if they cease (from disbelief) their past will be forgiven. But if they return (thereto), then the examples of those (punished) before them have already preceded (as a warning)." [al-Anfaal 8:38]


"And He it is Who accepts repentance from His slaves, and forgives sins, and He knows what you do." [Al-Shoora 42:25]


"Except those who repent and believe (in Islamic Monotheism), and do righteous deeds, for those, Allaah will change their sins into good deeds, and Allaah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. And whosoever repents and does righteous good deeds, then verily, he repents towards Allaah with true repentance." [Al-Furqaan 25:70-71]


"Allaah will accept His slave's repentance so long as the death rattle has not yet reached his throat." (Al-Tirmidhi, 3537; Sahih Al-Jaami’, 1425]


"And say (O Muhammad SAW): "My Lord! Forgive and have mercy, for You are the Best of those who show mercy!" [al-Mu’minoon 23:118]

"And they said nothing but: "Our Lord! Forgive us our sins and our transgressions (in keeping our duties to You), establish our feet firmly, and give us victory over the disbelieving folk."" [Aal ‘Imraan 3:147]


"O Allaah, You are my Lord. None has the right to be worshipped but You. You created me and I am Your slave, and I am faithful to my covenant and my promise (to You) as much as I can. I seek refuge with You from all the evil I have done. I acknowledge before You all the blessings You have bestowed upon me, and I confess to You all my sins. So I entreat You to forgive my sins, for nobody can forgive sins except You).” Whoever says this during the day, having faith in it and dies before the evening comes, will be among the people of Paradise, and whoever says it during the night, having faith in it, and dies before the morning comes, will be among the people of Paradise." [Al-Bukhaari, 5831]


"O Allaah, forgive me for my sin. My ignorance and my transgression (in keeping my duty to You), and whatever You know about me better than I do. O Allaah, forgive me for sins committed in earnest and in jest, by mistake and deliberately, and I have done all of that. O Allaah, forgive me for what I have done in the past and what I will do in the future, what I have done in secret and what I have done openly, and whatever You know about me better than I do. You are the One Who raises and lowers people’s status, and You are Able to do all things)." [Al-Bukhaari, 5919; Muslim, 4896]


"My Lord, forgive me and accept my repentance, for You are the Acceptor or Repentance, the All-Forgiving)." (Al-Tirmidhi, 3356]

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