SOME BENEFITS OF BELIEF IN DIVINE PREORDAINMENT
1. Contentment, firmness in Faith, and hope of compensation. Allah said: "No calamity befalls, but with the Leave [i.e. Decision and Qadar (Divine Preordainments)] of Allah . " (V. 64:11)
Ibn Abbas r.a. said: His Leave or Permission means His Command and Decree.
And Allah said:
" And whosoever believes in Allah, He guides his heart [to the true Faith with cretainty, i.e. what has befallen him was written for him by Allah from Qadar (Divine Preordainment)] " (V. 64:11)
Ibn Kathir said in his commentary: "It means that when a person who is beset by misfortune and knows that it occurred by the Order and Decree of Allah, remains patient, seeking thereby reward, in submission to Allah's Decree. Allah guides his heart, and compensates him for his heart to conviction in Faith; he knows what occurred to him was unavoidable, and what did not occur, could not have occurred. Alqamah said: It refers to a man beset by a calamity and he knows it is from Allah.
2. The expiation of sins. The Prophet s.a.w. said:
"A believer is not beset by any hardship or fatigue or illness or grief or even worry except that Allah will expiate thereby his sins." (Agreed upon).
3. Great reward. Allah said: " and give glad tidings to the patient ones.
Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: ' Truly! To Allah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return'. They are those on whom are the Salawat (i.e. blessings etc.) (i.e. who are blessed and will be forgiven) from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His Mercy, and it is they who are the guided ones." (V.2:155-157)
4. Self-contentment. The Prophet s.a.w. said:
"If you are satisfies with what Allah has apportioned for you, you will be the wealthiest of people." (Ahmad and Tirmidhi)
He s.a.w. also said: "To be well off is not through possessing of transitory goods rather true well-being comes from a contented soul." (Agreed upon).
We see that many who possess massive wealth are not satisfied with what they have, they are disturbed, their souls are impoverished; whereas one whose material possessions are few yet is content with what Allah apportioned for him after his efforts, he is a satisfied soul.
5. Lack of happiness and grief. Allah a.w.j. said: "No calamity befalls on the earth or in yourselves but is inscribed in the Book of Decrees (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz), before We bring it into existence. Verily, that is easy for Allah. In order that you may not be sad over matters that you fail to get, nor rejoice because of that which has been given to you. And Allah likes not prideful boasters." (V. 57:22,23)
Ibn Kathir said: Don't act haughty towards people because of what Allah has blessed you with, because it didn't come to you through your affort, but by the Decree of Allah and so don't take the blessings of Allah arrogantly and wantonly and He is your Sustainer.
Ikramah said: There is none who does not get happy or sad. Hence make your happiness gratitude, and your grief patience. (See Tafsir Ibn Kathir: 4/314).
6. Courage and boldness. The person who believes in Qadar becomes bold, and is not in awe of anyone except Allah, because he knows his life span is preordained and what whatever he misses could not have occurred to him and what happened to him could not have been avoided, and that victory comes with patience, and that after every affliction there is relaxation and along with hardship comes ease.
7. No fear of the harm of human beings. The Prophet s.a.w. said:
"And know that if the whole world were to join hands in order to benefit you with something, they couldn't benefit you except by what Allah already wrote for you. And if they join together to harm you, they wouldn't be able to harm except what Allah has ordained or you. The pens are lifted and the ink has dried on the pages (of the Preserved Tablet)." (Tirmidhi)
8. No fear of death. The following is the import of the couplets attributes to Ali r.a.:
"Which of my two days will I flee from death ?
The day it was not decreed or the day it was decreed ?
The day it was not decreed, I fear it not and from what is written, even the cautious will not escape."
9. No remorse for what has missed. The Prophet s.a.w. also said:
The strong believer is better and more beloved to Allah than a weak believer, though both are good; word hard for that which is beneficial for you and seek Allah's help, and do not give up. If you are stricken by misfortune do not say: 'If only I has done differently ", rather say: 'That is what Allah decreed, He does as He wills." 'If only' opens the door to Satan's works." (Agreed upon).
10. Good is in what Allah has decided. We can understand this by an example: If a believer's hand is wounded, he should praise Allah that it wasn't fractured; but if it got fractured, he should praise Allah that it wasn't cut off, or that he didn't fracture his back which is more serious. Once a businessman was waiting for a plane to close an important business deal. When the Adhan was called for Salat, he went for Salat (prayer). When he came back, the plane has already departed, so he sat down, sad about missing it. Shortly after that the news came that the plane had caught fire in mid-air. He prostrated in gratitude to Allah for his safety as a result of being delayed by Salat and he remembered Allah's Statement:
" and it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you, and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allah knows but you do not know." (V.2:216).
DO NOT USE FATE AS AN EXCUSE
A Muslim must have the belief that all that is good and bad exists by Allah's Decree, Knowledge and Will. But at the same time every person's actions of good and evil, happen by his own choice. The observation of Allah's Commands and Prohibitions are mandatory on believers and it is not lawful to disobey Allah and then say: "That's what Allah decreed for me." Allah sent His Prophets and revealed to them His Books to make clear the path of happiness and misery, and blessed the human being with faculty and the ability to think. He made known to mankind the difference between guidance and error. Allah a.w.j. said: "Verily, We showed him the way, whether he be grateful or ungrateful." (V.76:3)
So if a person abandoned Salat or drank liquor, he deserves the penalty for his transgression against Allah's Order and Prohibition and he must repent and regret for it. He will not get off by using Qadar as an excuse.
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