Ramadan In History

by Sheikh Abdullah Hakim Quick. Ph.D.
The Message - Canada / January 1997

All praises to Allah (SWT), Lord of the worlds. He who revealed in His Glorious Quran, "Oh you who believe, fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those who came before you that you may keep your duty to your Lord (having taqwa)," 2:185. And may blessings and-peace of Allah (SWT) be upon His last Messenger Muhammad ibn Abdullah, forever.

Oh you who believe, Ramadan is a sacred month wherein Almighty Allah (SWT) is constantly testing His creation and giving humanity the opportunity to achieve infinite, endless Bliss. Fasting is a complete purification and a means to developing the consciousness of Allah's (SWT) presence. The consciousness of Allah (SWT), Taqwa, is a protection against the schemes of Shaitan, and the suffering of this world. Allah (SWT) has informed us that, "Whoever keeps his duty to Allah (has taqwa), He ordains a way out for him and gives him sustenance from where he imagines not. And whoever trusts in Allah, He is sufficient for him. Surely Allah attains His purpose. Allah has appointed a measure for everything." (65:2)

Many Muslims today have a misconception about fasting and the activities of a fasting person. They go into a state of semi-hibernation, spending most of their daylight hours in bed. If they fear Allah (SWT) , they wake up for prayer, but then return to sleep immediately. This unnatural sleep makes them become lazy, dull witted and often cranky.

Ramadan is actually a time of increased activity wherein the believer, now lightened of the burdens of constant eating and drinking, should be more willing to strive and struggle for Allah (SWT). The Prophet (pbuh) passes through approximately nine Ramadans after the Hijrah. They were filled with decisive events and left us a shining example of sacrifice and submission to Allah (SWT).

In the first year after the Hijrah, the Prophet (pbuh) sent Hamza ibn Abdul Muttalib with thirty Muslim riders to Saif al Bahr to investigate three hundred riders from Quraish who had camped auspiciously in that area. The Muslims were about to engage the disbelievers, but they were separated by Majdy ibn Umar al-Juhany. The Hypocrites of Al-Madinah, hoping to oppose the unity of the Muslims, built their own masjid (called Masjid al-Direr). The Prophet (pbuh) ordered this masjid to be destroyed in Ramadan.

On the seventeenth of Ramadan, 3 A.H., Almighty Allah (SWT) separated truth from falsehood at the Great Battle of Badr. The Prophet (pbuh) and 313 of his companions set out to intercept a caravan of their own goods that had been left in Makkah. It was led by Abu Sufyan, himself, and estimated at 60,000 dinars. They were met, instead, by a well equipped army of the nobility of Quraish, intent on putting out the light of Islam. Despite being outnumbered three to one and appearing weak and unseasoned, the Muslims defended their faith with a burning desire to protected the Prophet and meet their Lord through martyrdom. Allah (SWT) gave them a decisive victory on this day of Ramadan, that would never to be forgotten.

In 6 A.H., Zaid ibn Haritha was sent to Wadi al-Qura at the head of a detachment to confront Fatimah bint Rabiah, the queen of that area. Fatimah had previously attacked a caravan led by Zaid and had succeeded in plundering its wealth. She was known to be the most protected woman in Arabia, as she hung fifty swords of her close relatives in her home. Fatimah was equally renowned for showing open hostility to Islam. She was killed in a battle against these Muslims in the month of Ramadan.

By Ramadan of 8 A H., the treaty of Hudaibiyya had been broken and the Muslim armies had engaged the Byzantines in the North. Muhammad (pbuh) felt the need to strike a fatal blow to disbelief in the Arabian Peninsula and conquer the city of Mecca. Allah (SWT) had declared His Sanctuary a place of peace, security and religious sanctity. Now the time had come to purify the Kaabah of nakedness and abomination. The Prophet (pbuh) set out with an army having more armed men than Al-Madinah had ever seen before. People were swelling the army's ranks as it moved toward Makkah. The determination of the believers, guided by the Will of Allah (SWT), became so awesome that the city of Makkah was conquered without a battle, on - 20 Ramadan. This was one of the most important dates in Islamic history for after it, Islam was firmly entrenched in the Arabian Peninsula. During the same month and year, after smashing the idols of Makkah, detachments were sent to the major centers of polytheism and al-Lat, Manat and Suwa, some of the greatest idols of Arabia, were destroyed.

Such was the month of Ramadan in the time of the Prophet (pbuh). It was a time of purification, enjoining the good, forbidding evil, and striving hard with one's life and wealth. After the death of the Prophet (pbuh), Muslims carried on this tradition and Allah used the true believers to affect the course of history. Ramadan continued to be a time of great trials and crucial events.

Ninety-two years after the Hujrah, Islam had spread across North Africa, Iran, Afghanistan, Yemen and Syria. Spain was under the tyrannical rule of King Roderic of the Visigoths. Roderic had forced his six million serfs and persecuted Jews to seek the aid of the Muslims of North Africa in order to be delivered. Musa ibn Husair, the Umayyad governor of North Africa, responded by sending his courageous general Tariq ibn Ziyad at the head of 12,000 Berber and Arab troops In Ramadan of that year, they were confronted with a combined Visigoth army of 90,000 Christians led by Roderic, himself, who was seated on a throne of ivory silver, and precious gems and drawn by white mules. After burning his boats, Tariq preached to the Muslims warning them that and Paradise lay ahead of them and defeat and the sea to the rear. They burst with great enthusiasm and Allah (SWT) manifested a clear victory over the forces of disbelief. Not only was Roderic and his forces completely annihilated, but Tariq and Musa succeeded in liberating whole of Spain, Sicily and of France. This was the begining of the Golden Age of Al-Andalus where Muslims ruled for over 700 years.

In the year 682 A.H., Salahuddin al-Ayyubi, after battling with the Crusaders for years, finally drove them out of Syria and the whole of their occupied lands in the month of Ramadan. The Muslim world was then destined to meet one of its most frightening challenges.

In the seventh century A.H. the Mongols were sweeping across Asia destroying everything that lay in their path Genghis Khan called himself "the scourge of God sent to punish humanity for their sins. "In 617 A.H. Samarkand, Ray, And Hamdan were put to the sword causing more than 700,000 people to be killed or made captive. In 656 A.H. Hulagu, the grandson of Genghis Khan, continued this destruction. Even Baghdad, the leading city of the Muslim world, was sacked. Some estimates say that as many as 1,800,000 Muslims were killed in this awesome carnage. The Christians were asked to eat pork and drink wine openly while the surviving Muslims were forced to participate in drinking bouts. Wine was sprinkled in the masjids and no Azan (call to prayer) was allowed. In the wake of such a horrible disaster and with the threat of the whole Muslim world. and then Europe being subjected to the same fate, Allah (SWT) raised up from the Mamluks of Egypt, Saifuddin Qutz, who, united the Muslim army and met the Mongols at Ain Jalut on 26th Ramadan, 468 A.H. Although they were under great pressure, the Muslims with the help of Allah (SWT), cunning strategy and unflinching bravery, crushed the Mongol army and reversed this tidal wave of horror. The whole of the civilized world sighed in relief and stood in awe at the remarkable achievement of these noble sons of Islam.

This was the spirit of Ramadan that enabled our righteous forefathers to face seemingly impossible challenges. It was a time of intense activity, spending the day in the saddle and the night in prayer while calling upon Allah (SWT) for His mercy and forgiveness.

Today, the Muslim world is faced with drought, military aggression, widespread corruption and tempting materialism. Surely we are in need of believers who can walk in the footsteps of our beloved Prophet (pbuh),the illustrious Sahabah, Tariq ibn Ziyad, Qutuz, Salahuddin and the countless heroes of Islam. Surely we are in need of believers who are unafraid of the threats of the disbelievers, yet kind and humble to the believing people; Muslims whose fast is complete and not just a source of hunger and thirst.

May Allah (SWT) raise up a generation of Muslims who can carry Islam to all corners of the globe in a manner that befits our age, and may He give us the strength and the success to lay the proper foundations for them. May Allah (SWT) make us of those who carry out our Islam during Ramadan and after it, and may He not make us of those who say what they do not do. Surely Allah (SWT) and His Angels invoke blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad. Oh you who believe send blessings and peace to him forever.

Ramadan: Not just Hunger, Thirst

by Ama F. Shabazz
The Message - Canada / January 1997

"Ramadan is the month in which was sent down the Qur'an as a guide to mankind, also Clear Signs for guidance and judgment between right and wrong." (Suratul Baqara, 2:185)

Of course, the blessed month of Ramadan requires fasting for most Muslims. Yet, in our emphasis on refraining from food, drink, and marital relations during the daylight hours, we sometimes forget many other important aspects of this sacred time. Perhaps, it would help us to remember not only the outward act of fasting, but also its underlying purpose:

"O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before so that you may attain taqwa (consciousness of Allah S.W.T)." (Suratul Baqara, 2:183)

In order to increase the level of taqwa attained, Muslims should refrain from any behavior that may jeopardize the rewards from fasting. Abu Huraira (ra) reported that the Prophet (pbuh) said: "Fasting is not only abstaining from eating and drinking, but also from vain speech and foul language. If one of you is being cursed or annoyed, he should say: "I am fasting, I am fasting." Abu Huraira (ra) also reported that the Prophet (pbuh) said: "Allah does not need the fast of the person who does not abandon false speech or acting according to his false speech." Frankly, Muslims who engage in lying (even to joke with false statements), backbiting, gossip, spreading rumors, and causing fitna (confusion, dissent) cannot expect their fasts to be acceptable to Allah Subhannahu Wa Ta 'Ala. Because Almighty Allah is Al Haqq, He expects us to be committed to Truth in all our dealings, our speech, and our intentions.

Moreover, we should be mindful that there are Muslims who, through Allah's (S.W.T) Mercy and no fault of their own, are exempt from fasting either temporarily or permanently. This includes those who are ill, traveling, pregnant, breast-feeding, menstruating, or completing post-childbirth bleeding. Believers who are in such conditions respect the fast and find it awkward and embarrassing to have to explain or make excuses about not fasting. It is, therefore, quite insensitive to assume that everyone is fasting during Ramadan by asking fellow Muslims such questions as "Aren't you fasting?" "Isn't fasting wonderful?" or "How is your fast coming along?" In the same vein, it is disconcerting to discover that some Muslims seem to assume that their fasting and making salatul tarawih guarantees them spiritual superiority over those who are exempt from fasting. After all, intentions, truthfulness, peacefulness, and avoiding disruptive behavior throughout the fast are necessary to receive rewards. Abu Huraira (ra) has reported the Prophet (pbuh) as saying: "Perhaps a fasting person will get nothing for his fast save hunger, and perhaps the one who stands to pray at night will get nothing from his standing except sleeplessness."

Certainly everyone in North America knows when the Christians are celebrating their holiday seasons. Yet, how much do we do as Muslims to call attention to our sacred season? Ramadan is an ideal time to offer Dawah, invite neighbors for iftar and explain the fast. Because both Christians and Jews recognize fasting as part of their worship (Christians primarily during Lent, and Jews during Yom Kippur), Ramadan offers some common ground on which to build respect and understanding.

Television news programs often show footage of the lighting of Christmas trees, the singing of Handle's "Messiah", the pope reciting Christmas mass at the Vatican, Jews observing Passover with the traditional sedar meal, or lighting their menorah for Hanukkah. On the other hand, how much do Americans see in the news about Muslims observing their holy month? It is sunnah to make Ramadan the season of extra efforts at reciting, studying, and reading the Qur'an. Therefore, during Ramadan, Islamic centers, weekend schools, full-time schools, and masaajid should conduct recitations, even competitions, as well as salatul tarawih. As Dawah, the local television stations should be invited to videotape segments of such events to be aired on morning, midday, and evening news programs.

The hunger Muslims feel when they fast should prompt them to be especially generous to the poor. Furthermore, those who are permanently exempt from fasting due to medical conditions are required to feed a poor person each day of Ramadan. We learn from the sunnah, that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) viewed Ramadan as a special time for generosity. Imam Bukhari records that Ibn Abbas (ra) said, "The Prophet (pbuh) was the most generous of people, but he would be his most generous during Ramadan when he would meet angel Jibreel. He would meet him every night and recite the Qur'an. When Jibreel met him, he used to be more generous than a fast wind." Thus, offering food to needy families in our neighborhoods or collecting canned goods and dried foods for homeless shelters would reflect the spirit of Ramadan in a very positive light that could open doors for Dawah. In one community last year, Muslim youths visited an orphanage offering clothes and toys after presenting a brief talk about the tenets of Islam and the observances of Ramadan and Eid Al-Fitr. Not only was this an excellent method of Dawah, but the Muslim youths left the orphanage deeply touched and more conscious of the blessing of having parents.

'Itikaf (confining oneself to a masjid for salaat and du'a, leaving aside the worldly jobs and matters for a limited number of days) is another activity that can increase the blessings of this special season. It should be noted that although in many communities 'itikaf is only practiced by men, it is perfectly correct and appropriate for Muslim women as well. Narrated A'isha (ra) the wife of the Prophet (pbuh): "The Prophet used to practice 'itikaf in the last ten days of Ramadan till he died, and then his wives used to practice 'itikaf after him. (Sahih Bukhari, volume 3, number 243).

Rather than spending each day of Ramadan sleeping to suppress cravings for favorite foods, shopping for materialistic Eid gifts, and cooking huge iftar meals for ourselves, we should devote as much time as possible to doing things which please Allah (SWT) such as dhikr, sunnah, nawafil salaat, du'a, reading and studying Qur'an, as well as performing the neighborly deeds of visiting the sick and tending to the less fortunate. To make Ramadan truly meaningful, we should recall the warning of the Qur'an: "Woe to the worshipers who are neglectful of their prayers, those who want but to be seen of men, but refuse to supply even neighborly needs." (Suratul Ma'un 107: 4-7).

Fasting: The Physical Dimension

By Obeydullah Choudry
The Message - Canada / January 1997

Allah (SWT) Almighty has constructed the universe upon a certain balance (al-mizan) and has likewise ordered this balance upon humanity. The great religion of Islam offers perfect guidance for every branch of our lives and among them is our health. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said that a strong believer is better than a weak one. But Islam does not atop there. It offers a program of action for everything that it prescribes. The primary objectives of Salah, Zakah and Siyam are to bring us closer to Allah (SWT) and inculcate taqwa (piety and self restraint) within us. But the fact is that when Islam is taken as a unitary whole and its entire program implemented, each of its pillars reinforces the other and serves multiple purposes. Our purpose here is to examine the physical dimension of siyam (fasting) not as the primary aim, but as an inevitable byproduct when one enters into Islam whole-heartedly as Allah's (SWT) commands.

Of all the injunctions of Islam, fasting is the one with the most obvious physical benefits. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) stated that every act has a charity and the charity of our health is the fast. Those believers who recognize that sadaqah (charity) of their wealth does not diminish it in the least also recognize that fasting, when practiced properly, rather than diminishing our health actually promotes it.

The primary purpose of fasting is the inculcation of discipline and self-restraint, especially in appetite. Gluttony (overeating) and its natural consequence of obesity are a major cause of disease and illness in this country. It is for this reason that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) has instructed us "to eat for one intestine, as opposed to the non-Believers, who eat for seven intestines." It is estimated that about 80 million Americans are unnecessarily overweight, and millions are spent each year in futile attempts to lose weight and develop healthier diets. Obesity has been linked with a variety of major illness, including heart disease, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, gout, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and osteoarthritis. Statistics have shown that obese people generally live shorter. And since obesity is in large part a discipline problem, the Islamic program of fasting as a means of curbing one's appetite and developing self-restraint is an ideal solution, at least to reduce the scope of the problem if not eliminate it altogether.

But in my view, the greatest physical benefit of siyam is its role in the reduction of stress. A sound mind is the key to good health, and mental stress has been identified as the probable cause, or at the least an aggravating factor, in most illnesses. Numerous scientific studies have established the role of stress in medical illness. One such study found a higher rate of heart disease in people with the stressful 'type A personality.' These people are competitive, hostile and easily driven to frustration and anger. Another study found that stressful life events, especially the death of a spouse, are associated with high mortality. The profound effect of fasting in Ramadan in generating inner peace. contentment and tranquillity, the refraining from quarreling and abuse as well as the genuine feelings of brotherhood and good-will in this month are bound to have their physical effects on the body. How many Muslims can vouch that they feel much better and healthier during Ramadan and have more energy and enthusiasm? The long list of strategic Muslim victories achieved in Ramadan bears testimony to the promotion of health and physical energy by fasting.

Finally, fasting serves a detoxifying and purifying function. The old saying goes 'you are what you eat', and this is certainly true from a scientific point of view. The ill effects of hormones and preservatives found in modern foods have been documented. It is estimated that the average adult American carries five -to-10 pounds of toxic chemicals in his body. In addition, we have developed an appetite for many harmful substances, including nicotine, caffeine and excessive salts, which lead to hypertension, heart disease, our diets include excessive refined sugars, which lead to dental cavities and exacerbate diabetes. The fasting state mobilizes the body's fuel and energy stores and increases es the excretion of waste products, this has a purifying effect. The Islamic principles of moderation, self-restraint and avoidance of harm can go a long way in overcoming these pitfalls.

Certainly, some can argue that the effects are nowhere to be seen in those who fast. But it cannot be the fault of the deen of Allah (SWT) if Muslims do not practice this institution properly and ignore its spirit and purpose. Fasting during the day and stuffing ourselves in the night is hardly in keeping with the spirit of siyam and will not lead to its physical or spiritual benefits Rather, we are instructed to eat with moderation, with a purpose, and to eat of the good and pure things which Allah (SWT) has made lawful. And if these wholesome principles are properly practiced, then their physical effects are assured the reward from Allah (SWT).

Virtues of Fasting :
The saying of Allaah the Most High :

"Verily, the Muslim men and women, the believing men and women, the men and women who are obedient (to Allaah), the men and women who are truthful (in their speech and deeds), the men and the women who are patient, the men and the women who are humble (before their Lord), the men and the women who give charity, the men and the women who fast, the men and the women who guard their chastity, and the men and women who remember Allaah much. Allaah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward (ie Paradise)."

[ Soorat-ul-Ahzaab (33):35 ]

And Allaah the Majestic says :

".and fast, it is better for you, if only you knew." [ Baqarah (2):184 ]

Allaah's Messenger SAW explained that fasting is a protection from desires, a shield from the Fire, and that Allaah has particularised one of the gates of Paradise [ called ar-Rayyaan ] for it. It will lead the soul away from its desires, and prevent it from those things which it has come to find attractive, so that it becomes tranquil.

He SAW said "Whoever fasts a day in the way of Allaah, Allaah will place between him and the Fire a trench like that between the heavens and the earth." [ at-Tirmidhee ]

Abu Umaamah (ra) said " I said : 'O Messenger of Allaah tell me of an action by which I may enter Paradise'. He said : ' Take to fasting, there is nothing like it.'" [ an-Nasaaee, ibn Hibbaan ]

Abu Hurairah (ra) said that the Prophet SAW said : "Allaah said that all the actions of the son of Aadam are for him except for fasting, for it is for Me and I will recompense it. Fasting is a shield, and when it is the day when one of you fasts, then let him not speak indecently or argue, and if anyone abuses or seeks to fight him then let him say 'I am fasting'. By Him in Whose Hand is the soul of Muhammad, the smell coming from the mouth of the fasting person is better with Allaah than the smell of musk. For the fasting person there are two times of joy : when he breaks his fast he is happy and when he meets his Lord he is happy due to his fasting." [ al-Bukhaaree ]

He SAW said : "Fasting and the Qur'aan intercede for the servant on the day of Resurrection. Fasting will say : O My Lord, I prevented him from food and desires so accept my intercession for him, and the Qur'aan will say : I prevented him from sleep at night, so accept my intercession for him, so their intercession will be accepted." [ Ahmad ]

The Virtues of Ramadaan :
The Most Noble says :

"The month of Ramadaan in which was revealed the Qur'aan, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the Criterion (between right and wrong). So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadaan), he must fast that month." [ al-Baqarah (2):185 ]

He SAW said : "When Ramadaan comes the gates of Paradise are opened, the gates of Hell-Fire are locked and the devils are chained."

And elsewhere " .. and a caller calls out: O seeker of good come forward, and O seeker of evil withold, and there are many whom Allaah frees from the fire - and that is every night." [ at-Tirmidhee ]

And in it occurs Lailat-ul-Qadr (The Night of Decree), which is better than a thousand months, as Allaah the Exalted says :

"Verily! We have sent it (this Qur'aan) down in the night of Decree (lailatul-Qadr). And what will make you know what the Night of Decree is ? The Night of Decree is better than a thousand months. Therein descend the angels and the Rooh (ie Jibraeel) by Allaah's Permission and with all Decrees, Peace! Until the appearance of dawn." [ Sooratul-Qadr (97):1-5 }

. And in it every decreed matter for the year is conveyed, so "Seek out lailatul-Qadr in (the odd nights) of the last ten of Ramadaan." [ al-Bukhaaree ]

And he SAW said :" He who fasts Ramadaan, due to Eemaan and hoping for reward (from Allaah) then his previous sins are forgiven." [ Bukhaaree and Muslim ]

And a man came to the Prophet SAW and said : "O Messenger of Allaah, what if I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah and that you are the Messenger of Allaah, and I observe the five daily prayers, and I pay the zakaah, and I fast and stand in prayer in Ramadaan, then amongst whom shall I be ?" He said : " Amongst the true followers of the prophets and the martyrs." [ ibn Hibbaan ]

And Jibreel (as) supplicated saying to the effect "May his nose be rubbed in the dust (meaning, may he be humiliated) who passes through the month of Ramadaan and does not attain Allaah's forgiveness", to which the Prophet SAW replied : Aameen.

And the Prophet SAW said about his being shown the people of Hell-Fire " . until I came to a people who were strung up by their hamstrings, with their jawbones torn and flowing with blood, so I said : "Who are these ?". He [ his guide] said : "Those who break their fast before the time at which they may do so." [ an-Nasaaee ]

The days of Fasting :
Allaah's Messenger SAW said : "Do not fast until you see the new moon and do not cease fasting until you see it, and if it is concealed by clouds then count out (the days of Sha'baan) for it." [ al-Bukhaaree ]

Forbiddance of fasting on the day of doubt : "Do not preempt Ramadaan by fasting a day or two before it, except for a man fasting his usual fast - then let him fast it." [ Muslim ]

Obligation to have intention for the obligatory fast before the appearance of the true dawn (subh saadiq) :

"He who does not intend during the night to fast, then there is no fast for him." [ an-Nasaaee ]

Excellence of the pre-dawn meal (Suhoor) : He SAW said "Blessing is in three: the Jamaa'ah, ath-thareed (a broth of bread and meat) and the suhoor." [ at-Tabaraanee ] and "It (suhoor) is a blessing which Allaah has given to you, so do not leave it." [ Ahmad ]

Behaviour of the Fasting Person : "Whoever does not abandon falsehood in word and action then Allaah the Mighty and Majestic has no need that he should leave his food and drink." [ al-Bukhaaree ]

"Fasting is not (merely abstaining) from eating and drinking, rather it is (abstaining) from ignorant and indecent speech, so if anyone abuses or behaves ignorantly with you, then say : I am fasting, I am fasting." [ ibn Khuzaimah ]

"It may be that a fasting person attains nothing but hunger and thirst from his fasting." [ ibn Maajah ]

Hastening to break the fast :
He SAW said " The people will not cease to be upon good as long as they hasten in breaking the fast." [ Bukhaaree and Muslim ] and "The Deen will not cease to be uppermost as long as the people hasten to break the fast, since the Jews and the Christians delay it." [ Abu Daawood ]

Other Benefits :
And he SAW said : "There are three whose supplications are not rejected : the fasting person when he breaks his fast, the just ruler and the supplication of the oppressed." [ at-Tirmidhee ]

"He who gives food for a fasting person to break his fast, he will receive the same reward as him, except that nothing will be reduced from the fasting persons reward." [ Ahmad ]

To pray the Taraaweeh Prayers in congregation, from the hadeeth of Aayesha (ra).

The obligation of paying the Zakaat-ul-Fitr, as Ibn Umar (ra) reported that "Allaah's Messenger (SAW) obligated Zakaat-ul-Fitr for Ramadaan upon the people." [ Muslim ]

Taken frOm ,from d section FiQh...


"There are in the month of Ramadaan in every day and night, those whom Allah grants freedom from the Fire, and there is for every Muslim a supplication which he can make and it will be granted." [Saheeh - Narrated by Jaabir and collected in Musnad Ahmad and al-Bazzar. Declared saheeh by Shaikh Saleem al-Hilaalee and Alee Hasan in Sifat Sawmin Nabee. ]

This supplication, which is never rejected occurs at the time of breaking the fast. (See Sunan ibn Maajah, 1/557)

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