The virtues of fasting are great indeed, and one of the things reported in the saheeh ahaadeeth is that Allaah has chosen fasting for Himself, and He will reward it and multiply the reward without measure, as He says [in the hadeeth qudsi]: Except for fasting which is only for My sake, and I will reward him for it. (al-Bukhaari, al-Fath, no. 1904; Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/407).
The Prophet (s.a.w) said, describing a dream that he had seen: until I was at the mountain, where I heard loud voices. I asked, What are these voices? They said, This is the howling of the people of Hellfire. Then I was taken [to another place], and I saw people hanging from their hamstrings, with the corners of their mouths torn and dripping with blood. I said, Who are these? They said, The people who broke their fast before it was the proper time to do so, i.e., before the time of iftaar. (Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/420).
Fasting has no equal (al-Nisaa'i, 4/165; Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/413), and the duaa of the fasting person will not be refused (reported by al-Bayhaqi, 3/345; al-Silsilat al-Saheeh, 1797).
The fasting person has two moments of joy: one when he breaks his fast and one when he meets his Lord and rejoices over his fasting (reported by Muslim, 2/807).
Fasting will intercede for a person on the Day of Judgement, and will say, O Lord, I prevented him from his food and physical desires during the day, so let me intercede for him. (Reported by Ahmad, 2/174. Al-Haythami classed its isnaad as hasan in al-Majma, 3/181. See also Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/411).
The smell that comes from the mouth of a fasting person is better with Allaah than the scent of musk. (Muslim, 2/807).
Fasting is a protection and a strong fortress that keeps a person safe from the Fire. (Reported by Ahmad, 2/402; Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/411; Saheeh al-Jaami, 3880).
Whoever fasts one day for the sake of Allaah, Allaah will remove his face seventy years distance from the Fire. (Reported by Muslim, 2/808).
Whoever fasts one day seeking the pleasure of Allaah, if that is the last day of his life, he will enter Paradise. (Reported by Ahmad, 5/391; Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/412).
In Paradise there is a gate called al-Rayyaan, through those who fast will enter, and no one will enter it except them; when they have entered it will be locked, and no-one else will enter through it. (al-Bukhaari, Fath, no. 1797).
Ramadaan is a pillar of Islam; the Quraan was revealed in this month, and in it there is a night that is better than a thousand months. When Ramadaan begins, the gates of Paradise are opened and the gates of Hell are closed, and the devils are put in chains. (Reported by al-Bukhaari, al-Fath, no. 3277).
Fasting Ramadaan is equivalent to fasting ten months (See Musnad Ahmad, 5/280; Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/421).
Whoever fasts Ramadaan out of faith and with the hope of reward, all his previous sins will be forgiven. (Reported by al-Bukhaari, Fath, no. 37).
At the breaking of every fast, Allaah will choose people to free from Hellfire. (Reported by Ahmad, 5/256; Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/419).
Have suhoor, for in suhoor there is blessing (barakah). (Reported by al-Bukhaari, Fath, 4/139).
Suhoor is blessed food, and it involves being different from the people of the Book. What a good suhoor for the believer is dates. (Reported by Abu Dawood, no. 2345; Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/448).
The people will be fine so long as they do not delay iftaar. (Reported by al-Bukhaari, Fath, 4/198).
by Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him): The
Prophet (s.a.w) used to break his fast with fresh dates before
praying; if fresh dates were not available, he would eat (dried)
dates; if dried dates were not available, he would have a few sips of
water. (Reported by al-Tirmidhi,
3/79 and others. He said it is a ghareeb hasan hadeeth. Classed as
saheeh in al-Irwa, no. 922).
Narrated by Ibn Umar (may Allaah be pleased with them both), according to which the Prophet (s.a.w), when he broke his fast, would say: Dhahaba al-zama, wabtallat al-urooq, wa thabat al-ajru in sha Allaah (Thirst is gone, veins are flowing again, and the reward is certain, in sha Allaah). (Reported by Abu Dawood, 2/765; its isnaad was classed as hasan by al-Daaraqutni, 2/185).
The Prophet (s.a.w) said: When any of you is fasting, let him not commit sin (Reported by al-Bukhaari, al-Fath, no. 1904).
The Prophet (s.a.w) said: Whoever does not stop speaking falsehood and acting in accordance with it, Allaah has no need of him giving up his food and drink. (Al-Bukhaari, al-Fath, no. 1903).
The Prophet (s.a.w) said: It may be that a fasting person gets nothing from his fast except hunger. (Reported by Ibn Maajah, 1/539; Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/453).
[note: goes with the above hadith]
The Prophet (s.a.w) said: If someone fights him or insults him, he should say, I am fasting, I am fasting. (Reported by al-Bukhaari and others. Al-Fath, no. 1894)
Al-Bukhaari and Muslim reported that Ibn Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (s.a.w) was the most generous of people [in doing good], and he was most generous of all in Ramadaan when Jibreel met with him, and he used to meet him every night in Ramadaan and teach him the Quraan. The Messenger of Allaah (s.a.w) was more generous in doing good than a blowing wind. (Reported by al-Bukhaari, al-Fath, no. 6).
Prophet (s.a.w) said: In Paradise there are rooms whose outside can be seen from the inside and the inside can be seen from the outside. Allaah has prepared them for those who feed the poor, who are gentle in speech, who fast regularly and who pray at night when people are asleep. (Reported by Ahmad 5/343; Ibn Khuzaymah, no. 2137. Al-Albaani said in his footnote, its isnaad is hasan because of other corroborating reports).
The Prophet (s.a.w) said: Whoever gives food to a fasting person with which to break his fast, will have a reward equal to his, without it detracting in the slightest from the reward of the fasting person. (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, 3/171; Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/451).
Abu Hurayrah (r.a.) said: The Messenger of Allaah (s.a.w) said, There has come to you Ramadaan, a blessed month. Allaah has made it obligatory on you to fast (this month). During it the gates of Paradise are opened and the gates of Hell are locked, and the devils are chained up. In it there is a night that is better than a thousand months, and whoever is deprived of its goodness is deprived indeed. (Reported by al-Nisaa'i, 4/129; Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/490)
Prophet (s.a.w) clearly states: Fast when you see it (the new moon) and break your fast when you see it.
Messenger of Allaah (s.a.w) said: Whoever dies owing some fasts, let his heir fast on his behalf. (From Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daaimah, volume on Dawah, 806).
Prophet (s.a.w) said to his Companions once, before fighting: In the morning you are going to meet your enemy and not fasting will make you stronger, so do not fast. (Reported by Muslim, 1120, Abd al-Baaqi edn. This is also the preferred opinion of Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah. The scholars of Damascus also issued fatwas to the same effect when their city was attacked by the Tatars)
Prophet (s.a.w) said: There is no fast for the person who did not intend to fast from the night before. (Reported by Abu Dawood, no. 2454. A number of the scholars, such as al-Bukhaari, al-Nisaa'i, al-Tirmidhi and others thought it was likely to be mawqoof. See Talkhees al-Hubayr, 2/188)
Making the intention the night before is not a condition of general nafl (supererogatory) fasts, because of the hadeeth narrated by Aaishah (may Allaah be pleased with her), who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) entered upon me one day and said, Do you have anything [food]? We said, No. He said, In that case I am fasting. (Reported by Muslim, 2/809, Abd al-Baaqi). But in the case of specific nafl fasts such as Arafaah and Aashooraa, it is better to be on the safe side and make the intention the night before.
The Prophet (s.a.w) said: Once night comes from there and the day disappears from there, and the sun has set, the fasting person should break his fast. (Reported by al-Bukhaari, al-Fath, no. 1954; the issue is also mentioned in Majmoo al-Fataawa, 25/216).
The Prophet (s.a.w) would not pray Maghrib until he had broken his fast, if only with a sip of water. (Reported by al-Haakim, 1/432; al-Silsilat al-Saheehah, 2110).
If he forgets, and eats and drinks, then let him complete his fast, for Allaah has fed him and given him to drink. (Reported by al-Bukhaari, Fath, no. 1933).
The Prophet (s.a.w) said: Allaah has lifted the obligation of fasting and part of the prayer from the traveller, and He has lifted the obligation of fasting from the pregnant and breastfeeding woman. (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, 3/85; he said (it is a) hasan hadeeth). If a pregnant woman fasts and experiences some bleeding, her fast is still valid; this does not affect her fast at all. (Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daaimah, 10/225).
Narrated by Abu Hurayrah (r.a.), according to which the Prophet (s.a.w) said: No woman should fast when her husband is present except with his permission. (Reported by al-Bukhaari, 4793). [note: this is for superogatory (voluntary) fasts only, not ramadan.]
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