"With the Name of
Allaah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful"
After praising Allaah, the servant then proceeds to ask of Him from His bounty and blessings. This is the most virtuous way of asking Allaah by first praising Him and then asking of Him.
Abu Daawood reports from Fudaalah bin Ubaid that
The Messenger of Allaah (SAW) heard a man supplicating in prayer. He did not glorify Allaah and neither did he invoke blessings on the Prophet (SAW). The Messenger of Allaah (SAW) said, "he made haste." He then named him and said to him or to those around him, "if any one of you prays, he should commence by glorifying his Lord and praising Him; he should invoke peace and blessings on the Prophet (SAW) and thereafter he should supplicate Allaah for anything he wishes." [Abu Daawood [Eng. Trans. 1/390 no. 1476], at-Tirmidhee [no. 3476], an-Nasaa`ee [3/44], Ahmad [6/18] and others with a hasan isnaad. Refer to the notes of F. Zamrali to at-Targheeb fee ad-Du`aa [pg. 11].]
Al-Haafidh ibn al-Qayyim explains the causes that lead to ones supplication being answered in a beautiful way saying,
When the servant combines in his supplication presence of the heart and its being attentive and devoting itself solely to Allaah, sincerely asking Him for the desired matter, doing so at one of the six times when the supplication is more likely to answered - these being:
The last third of the night.
At the time of the adhaan.
Between the adhaan and iqaamah.
At the ends of the prescribed prayers.
From the time the Imaam ascends the pulpit to the time the prayer has finished on the day of Jumu`ah.
The last hour after the prayer Asr.
Alongside this the servant appends to this fear and reverence in the heart, beseeching his Lord in a state of humility and submissiveness. He faces the Qiblah and is in a state of purity, he raises his hands to Allaah and begins by praising and extolling Him, then he invokes peace and blessings upon Muhammad, His servant and Messenger (SAW). He precedes mentioning his need by seeking forgiveness from Allaah and then he earnestly and sincerely makes his request as one who is needy and impoverished, supplicating to Him out of hope and fear. He seeks the means of getting close to Him by mentioning His Names and Attributes and making the religion sincerely for Him Alone. Before making supplication he gives in charity. If all this is done then this supplication will never be rejected especially if the servant employs the supplications that the Messenger of Allaah (SAW) informed us would be accepted or if his supplication includes mention of Allaahs Greatest Name. [Ibn al-Qayyim, ad-Daa`u wa ad-Dwaa`u [pp. 13-14]]
Tafseer of Surah al-Fatihah, compiled by Abu Rumaysah,(This commentary is a
compilation gathered from a number of commentaries written.) These being:
Tafseer al-Qurtubi [Jaami lil Ahkaam al-Qur`aan]
Tafseer ibn Katheer
Tafseer ash-Shawkanee [Fath al-Qadeer]
Tafseer as-Sa`dee [Tayseer al-Kareem ar-Rahmaan]
Tafseer ash-Shanqeetee [Adwaa al-Bayaan fee Eedaah al-Qur`aan bil Qur`aan].
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