In The Name Of Allaah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful.
Eid-ul-Adhaa & Qurbaani
Zul-Hijjah is the concluding month of Islamic calendar, which is full of blessings. On the 10th day of this month Muslims celebrate Eid-ul-Adhaa (Bakrid). And millions of Muslims from all over the world gather at Makkah to perform Hajj in this sacred month. On the day of ‘Arafah, they supplicate to Allaah, for which He forgives them. And Allaah, the Most High, frees His slaves from Hell the most on that day [Muslim]. That's why Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said, "Iblees is more grieved on the day of ‘Arafah than on any other day, he throws soil over his head and despairs." [Ibn Maajah]

The first ten days of Zul-Hijjah are very auspicious; any kind of virtuous deeds carried out on these days are rewarded in manifold by Allaah, the All-Mighty. Ibn Abbas reported that Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said, "There are no days wherein good actions are more pleasing to Allaah than in these ten days." They asked: ‘O! Messenger of Allaah, nor Jihaad in the way of Allaah?’ He said: "Nor Jihaad in the way of Allaah except (Jihaad of) a person who went out with himself and property and did not return with anything of them." [Bukhari]

Therefore take utmost care in performing good deeds like recitation of Qur’aan, charity, fasting, etc. Further everyone should try to escape from every major and minor sin. Narrated Abu Qataada Al-Ansaari (radiyallaahu ‘anhu): Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) was asked about the fast on the day of ‘Arafah whereupon he said, "it expiates the sins of the preceding year and the coming year." [Muslim]

Eid Prayers:

  1. The Eid prayers were prayed in open field by our beloved Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam).

    [Bukhari, Muslim]. Even today this practice should be followed, if facilities are available.

  2. Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) used not to go out on the day of breaking of the fast (Eid-ul-Fitr) till he had some food (few dates), but he used not to take any food on the day of sacrifice till he had prayed. Keeping in view the tradition of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) it is Sunnah to do breakfast with the meat of the animal sacrificed. [Tirmidhee]

  3. Eid prayer (of Eid-ul-Adhaa) has to be prayed 15 minutes after sunrise.

  4. There is no Azaan and Iqaamat for Eid prayers. And there are no Sunnat prayers before or after Eid prayer. [Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhee]

  5. Eid prayer consists of 2 rakaats. In the first rakaat, after takbeer-e-tahreemah (before reciting Soorah Al-Faatihah) 7 extra takbeers will be said and in the second rakat 5 takbeers will be said before reciting Soorah Al-Faatihah. Rest of the prayer will be as usual. [Abu Daawood, Tirmidhee]

  6. Participation of women in Eid congregation is very essential even if she is menstruating. While menstruating women shall not pray but they shall participate in goodness and supplications. [Bukhari, Muslim]

  7. Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) would return by a different road from the one he had taken when going out (for the Eid prayer). [Bukhari]

Eid-ul-Adhaa and Qurbaani:

  1. ‘Aaisha (radiyallaahu ‘anhaa) narrates that Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said, "No other worship is more beloved to Allaah than Qurbaani on the 10th of Zul Hijjah." [Tirmidhee, Ibn Maajah]

  2. Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) has done Qurbaani every year regularly [Tirmidhee]. Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said, "He who has the means and did not sacrifice must not come near our place of prayer." [Ahmad, Ibn Maajah].

    Note: Not in any Hadeeth it is mentioned about any fixed amount of wealth to have for Qurbaani, as it is there for Zakaat. Hence, any person having money, leaving the expenses of the day should do Qurbaani.

  3. Interest free loans could also be availed for Qurbaani if it could be repaid without any hardship.

  4. Any person gives money or Sadaqah instead of Qurbaani will in no way get the reward of Qurbaani.

  5. Whoever wishes to do Qurbaani should not cut his hair or nail from the moment the new moon of Zul Hijjah is sighted. [Muslim].

  6. It is sufficient for a man to give one sheep in Qurbaani for himself, his children and his wives. As Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) slaughtered one sheep for himself and all his wives (radiyallaahu ‘anhun) and another one for the whole Muslim Ummah. [Muslim, Tirmidhee]. You can also give more than one sheep in Qurbaani but it should not be for pride or show-off.

  7. There is only one share in the sheep. But cow and camel can be shared among seven. [Muslim, Tirmidhee]

Some Essentials Regarding Qurbaani Animal

  1. Qurbaani animal should be beautiful and defectless. It should be fresh and fat. (Note: Ridiculing others’ sacrifice is not allowed). The Qurbaani of defective animal like old, horn completely broken, ear completely severed, weak, thin or sick will not be accepted. Otherwise if the horn is broken a little and the ear is severed a little then that Qurbaani is accepted. [Tirmidhee]

  2. If the animal becomes defective after purchase, like its horn has broken or it has become lame, in this situation it is permitted to do Qurbaani with the same defective animal. [Ahmad, Ibn Maajah]

  3. Qurbaani animal can be of any sex: male or female.

  4. The animal can be slaughtered if milk teeth had fallen and in its place new teeth had come. Except for the sheep, if it had become 6 months old, even if new teeth had not come, it can be slaughtered. [Muslim, Abu Daawood]

Qurbaani’s Time, Method and Du‘aa

2. It is better that the giver of Qurbaani himself with his own hands slaughters the animal.

5. While slaughtering the animal, recite this Du‘aa – "Bismillaahi wallaahu-akbar" [Bukhari, Muslim]

(Translation: In the Name of Allaah, and Allaah is the Greatest)

How to distribute Qurbaani’s meat

  1. Meat can be distributed as raw as well as cooked. Qurbaani meat can be given to non-muslims also.

  2. Qurbaani meat shall be used for any number of days, it is not necessary that within three days it should be used up. [Bukhari, Muslim]

  3. The sacrificer cannot use the cost of animal’s skin, but the skin itself could be used. [Bukhari, Muslim]

  4. Skin or meat should not be given to butchers as wages. [Bukhari, Muslim]

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