Celebrating the Prophet’s birthday
Through out the Muslim world,
Muslims have fallen into
this innovated practice of celebrating the Prophet’s birthday,
which is not only an evil innovation but an affair similar
to the pagan holiday of Christmas.
This practice was brought about by those extremists who
elevated the Prophet to the level of Godhood, such as the
By Sh. Bin aaz (rahimahullah)
Question: Is it permissible for the Muslims to celebrate
in the Masjid with dhikr and readings from the Seerah
Biography) of Prophet (saws) on the night of the 12 of
Rabee’-ul-Awwal, especially on the Prophet’s birthday
without making it a day of ‘Eid. There is some differing between
us as to whether it's bid’ah hasanah (good innovation) or not?
It's not from the way of the Muslims to gather to celebrate
the Prophet’s birthday on the night of the 12th of Rabee’-ul-
Awwal or any other night.
Likewise, it is not from the way of the Muslims to gather
for any birthday celebration of any one, including the Prophet
(SallallahuAlaihiWaSallam). And this affair of celebrating and
gathering for the birthday of the Prophet (SallallahuAlaihiWaSallam)
is an innovation and a newly introduced matter in the Religion.
The Prophet (SallallahuAlaihiWaSallam)never celebrated his
birthday during his lifetime. And he was the one who communicated
the Religion to us and legislated its legislation (for us) with
Allaah’s authority. This affair of celebrating the Prophet’s
birthday was not practiced by the rightly guided Khaleefahs or his
Companions nor by those who preceded them in righteousness because
they knew it was an innovation.
The Prophet (SallallahuAlaihiWaSallam) said:
"He who innovates something in this affair of ours (i.e. Sunnah)
that is not part of it, will have it rejected" [Al-Bukhaaree and
And in another version of the hadeeth:
“He who does an which is not in agreement with our affair (i.e.
Sunnah), will have it rejected.”
This celebrating of the Prophet’s birthday is not from his practice
but rather it is something that was incorporated into the Religion
by the later generations of Muslims and so it is to be rejected.
The Prophet (SallallahuAlaihiWaSallam) would say in his Friday khutbah
(sermon): "To Proceed. Surely the best speech is the Book of Allaah
and the best of all guidance is the guidance of Muhammad. And the worst
of all affairs are newly invented things and every newly invented thing
is an innovation and every innovation is astray.” [Recorded by Muslim
in his Saheeh]
It is also recorded by an-Nasaa’ee with a good chain of narration
With The addition: “...and every astray is in the Hellfire.”
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
“The true believers are those who hear the advice and act upon the best of it.” (Az-Zumar: 18)
Is celebrating the Prophet's birthday halaal or haraam?
Response: Establishing the celebration of the Prophet's birthday or (the
birthday of) other than him is an innovation. And it has been confirmed
on the authority of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) that he
((Whoever introduces anything into this matter of ours (i.e. Islaam)
that which is not from it, will have it rejected)), [Saheeh
al-Bukhaaree/2697 and Saheeh Muslim/1718].
And with Allaah lies all success and may Allaah send prayers and
salutations upon our Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) and his
family and his companions.
The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa
Head: Shaykh 'Abdul 'Azeez ibn Abdullaah ibn Baaz;
Deputy Head: Shaykh 'Abdur-Razzaaq 'Afeefee;
Member: Shaykh 'Abdullaah ibn Ghudayyaan;
Member: Shaykh 'Abdullaah Ibn Qu'ood
Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa.imah lil-Buhooth al-'Ilmiyyah wal-Iftaa., -
Volume 3, Page 39, Question 3 of Fatwa No.7360
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