Quote-The Council of the Islamic Fiqh Academy, emanating
from the Organization of the Islamic Conference, in its 11th
session held in Manama, Bahrain, on 25-30 Rajab 1419H (14-19 November
Having examined the research
papers presented to the Academy in connection with the issue of
Islamic Unity, and in the light of the discussions which brought this
issue into focus as being one of the most important issues that needs
to be studied, both theoretically and practically, and in view of the
fact that striving to unify the Muslim Ummah intellectually,
legislatively and politically, and draw it to the creed of pure
monotheism, is one of the main objectives of this International
- First: Islamic unity is
a duty which Almighty Allah has commended us to adhere to and
achieve and made it a concomitant description of this Ummah when He
said ”And hold fast, all of you, to the rope of Allah, and be
not divided”; and he also said “this is indeed your
Ummah; it is a single Ummah”. The Prophetic Sunnah
stressed this call in words and deeds. The Prophet (may peace
and blessings be upon him said “All the Muslims’ blood
is of equal value. And all the Muslims are like one hand against
others, and the lowest of rank among them moves around freely under
This unity was
realized by the Prophet (may peace and blessings be upon him) in
practical life by forging brotherhood between the Muhajirin
(immigrants) and Al-Ansar (supporters). He also laid it down
in the first document of the establishment of Islamic State in
Al-Madina Al-Munawwara in which he described the Muslims as being “a
single Ummah unlike the rest of the human beings”.
The meanings of such
verses from the Holy Qur’an and from the sayings of the
Prophet (may peace and blessings be upon him) make it incumbent upon
the believers to unify their ranks under the banner of Islam, by
holding firmly to the Holy Book and Sunnah, and renounce historical
enmity, tribal differences and disputes, personal ambitions and
racial slogans. When the Muslims abode by the above Islamic
teachings, during the Prophet’s lifetime and the era of the
early Muslims, then, the religion and rule of Islam spread in the
East and in the West, and the Muslim Ummah led mankind through the
Islamic civilization which was the most glorious civilization,
because it was established on the principle of servitude to Allah
alone; and thus justice, freedom and equality prevailed.
Second: Islamic unity lies in ensuring servitude to Allah, the
Almighty, in belief and in words and deeds, under the guidance of
the Qur’an and Sunnah. It also lies in preserving what
unifies Muslims on common terms in the various intellectual,
economic, social and political spheres of life. Once the Muslim
nation abandoned the factors of its unity, reasons of discord began
to emerge, deepening further, later on, disunity among Muslims.
This was due to various reasons, among which the efforts of
colonization that raised the banner “divide and rule”,
thus splitting the Muslim Ummah and the ranks of Arabs and Muslims
into small parts on nationalist and ethnic grounds. Besides,
most of the efforts of orientalists focused on the perpetuation of
discord and disunity in their studies and books, which they
disseminated among Muslims.
Third: Jurisprudential (Fiqh) differences which are based on
Ijtihad (personal reasoning) in understanding the meanings of
Shari’a texts are, in themselves, natural consequences.
They, in fact, contributed to the enrichment of legislation which
realizes the purposes and characteristics of Shari’a, mainly
making things easy and bearable for Muslims.
Fourth: It is a Muslim duty to preserve the status of all the
Prophet’s Companions (may Allah be pleased with them).
The Ulema (Muslim scholars of Shari’a) should be called upon
to extol the Companions’ position and services in transferring
Shari’a to the Muslim Ummah and highlight their rights over
it. Also, government should be called upon to issue
regulations which punish whoever denigrates or looks down upon them
in any way whatsoever. This will preserve the sanctity of the
Companions of the Prophet (may peace and blessings be upon him) and
nip in the bud one of the reasons of discord.
Fifth: It is a Muslim duty to adhere to the Holy Book and
Sunnah and to the guidance of the Ummah’s worthy ancestors,
the Companions (may Allah be pleased with them), and those who
follow their steps. It is also a Muslim duty to discard
delusions, avoid what spreads sedition among Muslims and what leads
to their disunity, and instead channel Muslim efforts to the call
for Islam and the propagation of its principles among non-Muslims.
Needless to say that our age is an age of regional blocks, which
serve various intellectual, social and economic purposes, under the
banner of globalization, secularism and modernism, and also because
of the media’s unrestricted openness. This makes the
Muslim world targeted in a bid to put an end to its distinctive
features, destroy its basic elements and undermine the foundations of
its spiritual and intellectual civilization. Our nation
cannot be protected from these perils and threats except by unifying
its ranks and getting rid of the reasons of discord, especially that
our nation has all factors of unity which include a common belief and
common social, economic legislative and cultural factors.
- Hence, the Islamic Fiqh Academy
makes the following recommendations:
the Academy Resolution No. 48(10/5) in respect of the application of
the Islamic Shari’a laws and the subsequent recommendations on
the same topic, and the Academy’s Resolution No. 69(7/7) in
respect of the intellectual invasion, the subject matter of the
upon the governments of Muslim countries to support the efforts made
by both the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) and the
Islamic Fiqh Academy, considering that these efforts are forms of
unity among Muslims, politically and intellectually.
behind historical disputes, because their effects only lead to
inflaming enmity and deepening discord.
good opinion, and mutual trust between Muslims, both as governments
and peoples, by means of directing media towards fostering the
spirit of unity, promoting the ethics of dialogue and accepting view
based on Ijtihad.
from fateful issues which unify the Muslim Ummah, mostly the issue
of Al-Quds and Al-Aqsa Mosque, the first of the two Qiblhs and the
Prophet’s Masra (the place from which he made his night
journey), in order to ward off the dangers which threaten its
Islamic character. The Academy also stresses that the issue of
Al-Quds and Al-Aqsa Mosque is an issue for all the Muslims.
The participants to the Conference appeal to the governments of
Muslim countries to give this issue, and other similar issues, due
attention and take prompt and appropriate measures, which include the
- · Denouncing
the polices of expulsion, judaization and settlement which
Palestinian lands and people are being subjected to, as well as
denouncing the occupation, injustice, oppression, deprivation,
killing and dislodgement which the Palestinians are suffering
from. Added to this are the humiliation of human dignity and
the abuse of the basic human rights.
full support to Palestinian Jihad (holy war), to the holy land of
Palestine and its Al-Aqsa Mosque, the first of the two Qiblahs, in
its struggle for independence, and siding with it and with the
Palestinian people in their perseverance.
the Zionist movement and the Israeli occupation for the forms of
oppression and the various aspects of ugly aggression against the
struggle of Palestinian people for freedom and the liberation of
their sacred sites.
due attention to mechanisms proposed for discussion. They have
priority in achieving Muslim unity in stages, such as :
- 1. Designing
educational curricula on Islamic principles
a joint Islamic media strategy
a common Islamic market
an Islamic Court of Justice.
General Secretariat of the Islamic Fiqh Academy should form a
committee from among its members and experts to set up practical
studies that take into consideration the current situation of the
Muslim Ummah. Such studies should include the cultural, social
and economic aspects and put down mechanisms of achieving unity in
these spheres, while benefiting from the current efforts in the
framework of Arab and Muslim organizations, and seeking the
assistance of experts in these various disciplines.
in order to ensure the efficiency of such a committee and the
implementation of the findings of its studies, we recommend that its
members and duties be approved by the Islamic Conference
May Allah’s prayers and blessings be upon our Prophet, and
upon his family and Companions – Unquote
& Hadith – Charity
& Health – Islam
Rights - Women