REASONS FOR THE HIGH STATUS OF WOMEN IN ISLAM
This is a compilation of all the verses in Quran that refer to
49. And when We delivered you from Firon's people,
who subjected you to severe torment, killing your sons and sparing your women,
and in this there was a great trial from your Lord.
221. And do not marry the idolatresses until they
believe, and certainly a believing maid is better than an idolatress woman, even
though she should please you; and do not give (believing women) in marriage to
idolaters until they believe, and certainly a believing servant is better than
an idolater, even though he should please you; these invite to the fire, and
Allah invites to the garden and to forgiveness by His will, and makes clear His
communications to men, that they may be mindful.
222. And they ask you about menstruation. Say: It
is a discomfort; therefore keep aloof from the women during the menstrual
discharge and do not go near them until they have become clean; then when they
have cleansed themselves, go in to them as Allah has commanded you; surely Allah
loves those who turn much (to Him), and He loves those who purify themselves.
228. And the divorced women should keep themselves
in waiting for three courses; and it is not lawful for them that they should
conceal what Allah has created in their wombs, if they believe in Allah and the
last day; and their husbands have a better right to take them back in the
meanwhile if they wish for reconciliation; and they have rights similar to those
against them in a just manner, and the men are a degree above them, and Allah is
231. And when you divorce women and they reach
their prescribed time, then either retain them in good fellowship or set them
free with liberality, and do not retain them for injury, so that you exceed the
limits, and whoever does this, he indeed is unjust to his own soul; and do not
take Allah's communications for a mockery, and remember the favor of Allah upon
you, and that which He has revealed to you of the Book and the Wisdom,
admonishing you thereby; and be careful (of your duty to) Allah, and know that
Allah is the Knower of all things.
232. And when you have divorced women and they
have ended-- their term (of waiting), then do not prevent them from marrying
their husbands when they agree among themselves in a lawful manner; with this is
admonished he among you who believes in Allah and the last day, this is more
profitable and purer for you; and Allah knows while you do not know.
235. And there is no blame on you respecting that
which you speak indirectly in the asking of (such) women in marriage or keep
(the proposal) concealed within your minds; Allah knows that you win mention
them, but do not give them a promise in secret unless you speak in a lawful
manner, and do not confirm the marriage tie until the writing is fulfilled, and
know that Allah knows what is in your minds, therefore beware of Him, and know
that Allah is Forgiving, Forbearing.
236. There is no blame on you if you divorce women
when you have not touched them or appointed for them a portion, and make
provision for them, the wealthy according to his means and the straitened in
circumstances according to his means, a provision according to usage; (this is)
a duty on the doers of good (to others).
241. And for the divorced women (too) provision
(must be made) according to usage; (this is) a duty on those who guard (against
282. O you who believe! when you deal with each
other in contracting a debt for a fixed time, then write it down; and let a
scribe write it down between you with fairness; and the scribe should not refuse
to write as Allah has taught him, so he should write; and let him who owes the
debt dictate, and he should be careful of (his duty to) Allah, his Lord, and not
diminish anything from it; but if he who owes the debt is unsound in
understanding, or weak, or (if) he is not able to dictate himself, let his
guardian dictate with fairness; and call in to witness from among your men two
witnesses; but if there are not two men, then one man and two women from among
those whom you choose to be witnesses, so that if one of the two errs, the
second of the two may remind the other; and the witnesses should not refuse when
they are summoned; and be not averse to writing it (whether it is) small or
large, with the time of its falling due; this is more equitable in the sight of
Allah and assures greater accuracy in testimony, and the nearest (way) that you
may not entertain doubts (afterwards), except when it is ready merchandise which
you give and take among yourselves from hand to hand, then there is no blame on
you in not writing it down; and have witnesses when you barter with one another,
and let no harm be done to the scribe or to the witness; and if you do (it) then
surely it will be a transgression in you, and be careful of (your duty) to
Allah, Allah teaches you, and Allah knows all things.
14. The love of desires, of women and sons and
hoarded treasures of gold and silver and well bred horses and cattle and tilth,
is made to seem fair to men; this is the provision of the life of this world;
and Allah is He with Whom is the good goal (of life).
41. He said: My Lord! appoint a sign for me. Said
He: Your sign is that you should not speak to men for three days except by
signs; and remember your Lord much and glorify Him in the evening and the
morning. f42. And when the angels said: O Marium! surely Allah has chosen you
and purified you and chosen you above the women of of the world.
61. But whoever disputes with you in this matter
after what has come to you of knowledge, then say: Come let us call our sons and
your sons and our women and your women and our near people and your near people,
then let us be earnest in prayer, and pray for the curse of Allah on the liars.
O people! be careful of (your duty to) your Lord,
Who created you from a single being and created its mate of the same (kind) and
spread from these two, many men and women; and be careful of (your duty to)
Allah, by Whom you demand one of another (your rights), and (to) the ties of
relationship; surely Allah ever watches over you.
And if you fear that you cannot act equitably
towards orphans, then marry such women as seem good to you, two and three and
four; but if you fear that you will not do justice (between them), then (marry)
only one or what your right hands possess; this is more proper, that you may not
deviate from the right course.
And give women their dowries as a free gift, but
if they of themselves be pleased to give up to you a portion of it, then eat it
with enjoyment and with wholesome result.
Men shall have a portion of what the parents and
the near relatives leave, and women shall have a portion of what the parents and
the near relatives leave, whether there is little or much of it; a stated
And as for those who are guilty of an indecency
from among your women, call to witnesses against them four (witnesses) from
among you; then if they bear witness confine them to the houses until death
takes them away or Allah opens some way for them.
O you who believe! it is not lawful for you that
you should take women as heritage against (their) will, and do not straiten them
m order that you may take part of what you have given them, unless they are
guilty of manifest indecency, and treat them kindly; then if you hate them, it
may be that you dislike a thing while Allah has placed abundant good in it.
And all married women except those whom your right
hands possess (this is) Allah's ordinance to you, and lawful for you are (all
women) besides those, provided that you seek (them) with your property, taking
(them) in marriage not committing fornication. Then as to those whom you profit
by, give them their dowries as appointed; and there is no blame on you about
what you mutually agree after what is appointed; surely Allah is Knowing, Wise.
And whoever among you has not within his power
ampleness of means to marry free believing women, then (he may marry) of those
whom your right hands possess from among your believing maidens; and Allah knows
best your faith: you are (sprung) the one from the other; so marry them with the
permission of their masters, and give them their dowries justly, they being
chaste, not fornicating, nor receiving paramours; and when they are taken in
marriage, then if they are guilty of indecency, they shall suffer half the
punishment which is (inflicted) upon free women. This is for him among you who
fears falling into evil; and that you abstain is better for you, and Allah is
And do not covet that by which Allah has made some
of you excel others; men shall have the benefit of what they earn and women
shall have the benefit of what they earn; and ask Allah of His grace; surely
Allah knows all things.
Men are the maintainers of women because Allah has
made some of them to excel others and because they spend out of their property;
the good women are therefore obedient, guarding the unseen as Allah has guarded;
and (as to) those on whose part you fear desertion, admonish them, and leave
them alone in the sleeping-places and beat them; then if they obey you, do not
seek a way against them; surely Allah is High, Great.
O you who believe! do not go near prayer when you
are Intoxicated until you know (well) what you say, nor when you are under an
obligation to perform a bath-- unless (you are) travelling on the road-- until
you have washed yourselves; and if you are sick, or on a journey, or one of you
come from the privy or you have touched the women, and you cannot find water,
betake yourselves to pure earth, then wipe your faces and your hands; surely
Allah is Pardoning, Forgiving.
And what reason have you that you should not fight
in the way of Allah and of the weak among the men and the women and the
children, (of) those who say: Our Lord! cause us to go forth from this town,
whose people are oppressors, and give us from Thee a guardian and give us from
Thee a helper.
And they ask you a decision about women. Say:
Allah makes known to you His decision concerning them, and that which is recited
to you in the Book concerning female orphans whom you do not give what is
appointed for them while you desire to marry them, and concerning the weak among
children, and that you should deal towards orphans with equity; and whatever
good you do, Allah surely knows it.
They ask you for a
decision of the law. Say: Allah gives you a decision concerning the person who
has neither parents nor offspring; if a man dies (and) he has no son and he has
a sister, she shall have half of what he leaves, and he shall be her heir she
has no son; but if there be two (sisters), they shall have two-thirds of what he
leaves; and if there are brethren, men and women, then the male shall have the
like of the portion of two females; Allah makes clear to you, lest you err; and
Allah knows all things.
5. This day (all) the good things are allowed to
you; and the food of those who have been given the Book is lawful for you and
your food is lawful for them; and the chaste from among the believing women and
the chaste from among those who have been given the Book before you (are lawful
for you); when you have given them their dowries, taking (them) in marriage, not
fornicating nor taking them for paramours in secret; and whoever denies faith,
his work indeed is of no account, and in the hereafter he shall be one of the
6. O you who believe! when you rise up to prayer,
wash your faces and your hands as far as the elbows, and wipe your heads and
your feet to the ankles; and if you are under an obligation to perform a total
ablution, then wash (yourselves) and if you are sick or on a journey, or one of
you come from the privy, or you have touched the women, and you cannot find
water, betake yourselves to pure earth and wipe your faces and your hands
therewith, Allah does not desire to put on you any difficulty, but He wishes to
purify you and that He may complete His favor on you, so that you may be
127. And the chiefs of Firon's people said: Do you
leave Musa and his people to make mischief in the land and to forsake you and
your gods? He said: We will slay their sons and spare their women, and surely we
are masters over them.
141. And when We delivered you from Firon's people
who subJected you to severe torment, killing your sons and sparing your women,
and in this there was a great trial from your Lord.
67. The hypocritical men and the hypocritical
women are all alike; they enjoin evil and forbid good and withhold their hands;
they have forsaken Allah, so He has forsaken them; surely the hypocrites are the
68. Allah has promised the hypocritical men and
the hypocritical women and the unbelievers the fire of hell to abide therein; it
is enough for them; and Allah has cursed them and they shall have lasting
71. And (as for) the believing men and the
believing women, they are guardians of each other; they enjoin good and forbid
evil and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate, and obey Allah and His Apostle;
(as for) these, Allah will show mercy to them; surely Allah is Mighty, Wise.
72. Allah has promised to the believing men and
the believing women gardens, beneath which rivers flow, to abide in them, and
goodly dwellings in gardens of perpetual abode; and best of all is Allah's
goodly pleasure; that is the grand achievement.
28. So when he saw his shirt rent from behind, he
said: Surely it is a guile of you women; surely your guile is great:
30. And women in the city said: The chiefs wife
seeks her slave to yield himself (to her), surely he has affected her deeply
with (his) love; most surely we see her in manifest error.
50. And the king said: Bring him to me. So when
the messenger came to him, he said: Go back to your lord and ask him, what is
the case of the women who cut their hands; surely my Lord knows their guile.
6. And when Musa said to his people: Call to mind
Allah's favor to you when He delivered you from Firon's people, who subjected
you to severe torment, and slew your sons and spared your women; and in this
there was a great trial from your Lord.
4. And those who accuse free women then do not
bring four witnesses, flog them, (giving) eighty stripes, and do not admit any
evidence from them ever; and these it is that are the transgressors,
12. Why did not the believing men and the
believing women, when you heard it, think well of their own people, and say:
This is an evident falsehood?
23. Surely those who accuse chaste believing
women, unaware (of the evil), are cursed in this world and the hereafter, and
they shall have a grievous chastisement.
26. Bad women are for bad men and bad men are for
bad women. Good women are for good men and good men are for good women
31. And say to the believing women that they cast
down their looks and guard their private parts and do not display their
ornaments except what appears thereof, and let them wear their head-coverings
over their bosoms, and not display their ornaments except to their husbands or
their fathers, or the fathers of their husbands, or their sons, or the sons of
their husbands, or their brothers, or their brothers' sons, or their sisters'
sons, or their women, or those whom their right hands possess, or the male
servants not having need (of women), or the children who have not attained
knowledge of what is hidden of women; and let them not strike their feet so that
what they hide of their ornaments may be known; and turn to Allah all of you, O
believers! so that you may be successful.
60. And (as for) women advanced in years who do
not hope for a marriage, it is no sin for them if they put off their clothes
without displaying their ornaments; and if they restrain themselves it is better
for them; and Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
55. What! do you indeed approach men lustfully
rather than women? Nay, you are a people who act ignorantly.
4. Surely Firon exalted himself in the land and
made its people into parties, weakening one party from among them; he
slaughtered their sons and let their women live; surely he was one of the
23. And when he came to the water of Madyan, he
found on it a group of men watering, and he found besides them two women keeping
back (their flocks). He said: What is the matter with you? They said: We cannot
water until the shepherds take away (their sheep) from the water, and our father
is a very old man.
25. Then one of the two women came to him walking
bashfully. She said: My father invites you that he may give you the reward of
your having watered for us. So when he came to him and gave to him the account,
he said: Fear not, you are secure from the unjust people.
32. O wives of the Prophet! you are not like any
other of the women; If you will be on your guard, then be not soft in (your)
speech, lest he in whose heart is a disease yearn; and speak a good word.
35. Surely the men who submit and the women who
submit, and the believing men and the believing women, and the obeying men and
the obeying women, and the truthful men and the truthful women, and the patient
men and the patient women and the humble men and the humble women, and the
almsgiving men and the almsgiving women, and the fasting men and the fasting
women, and the men who guard their private parts and the women who guard, and
the men who remember Allah much and the women who remember-- Allah has prepared
for them forgiveness and a mighty reward.
49. O you who believe! when you marry the
believing women, then divorce them before you touch them, you have in their case
no term which you should reckon; so make some provision for them and send them
forth a goodly sending forth.
52. It is not allowed to you to take women
afterwards, nor that you should change them for other wives, though their beauty
be pleasing to you, except what your right hand possesses and Allah is Watchful
over all things.
55. There is no blame on them in respect of their
fathers, nor their brothers, nor their brothers' sons, nor their sisters' sons
nor their own women, nor of what their right hands possess; and be careful of
(your duty to) Allah; surely Allah is a witness of all things.
58. And those who speak evil things of the
believing men and the believing women without their having earned (it), they are
guilty indeed of a false accusation and a manifest sin.
59. O Prophet! say to your wives and your
daughters and the women of the believers that they let down upon them their
over-garments; this will be more proper, that they may be known, and thus they
will not be given trouble; and Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
73. So Allah will chastise the hypocritical men
and the hypocritical women and the polytheistic men and the polytheistic women,
and Allah will turn (mercifully) to the believing women, and Allah is Forgiving,
25. So when he brought to them the truth from Us,
they said: Slay the sons of those who believe with him and keep their women
alive; and the struggle of the unbelievers will only come to a state of
19. So know that there is no god but Allah, and,
ask protection for your fault and for the believing men and the believing women;
and Allah knows the place of your returning and the place of your abiding.
5. That He may cause the believing men and the
believing women to enter gardens beneath which rivers flow to abide therein and
remove from them their evil; and that is a grand achievement with Allah
6. And (that) He may punish the hypocritical men
and the hypocritical women, and the polytheistic men and the polytheistic women,
the entertainers of evil thoughts about Allah. On them is the evil turn, and
Allah is wroth with them and has cursed them and prepared hell for them, and
evil is the resort.
25. It is they who disbelieved and turned you away
from the Sacred Mosque and (turned off) the offering withheld from arriving at
its destined place; and were it not for the believing men and the believing
women, whom, not having known, you might have trodden down, and thus something
hateful might have afflicted you on their account without knowledge-- so that
Allah may cause to enter into His mercy whomsoever He pleases; had they been
widely separated one from another, We would surely have punished those who
disbelieved from among them with a painful punishment.
12. On that day you will see the faithful men and
the faithful women-- their light running before them and on their right hand--
good news for you today: gardens beneath which rivers flow, to abide therein,
that is the grand achievement.
13. On the day when the hypocritical men and the
hypocritical women will say to those who believe: Wait for us, that we may have
light from your light; it shall be said: Turn back and seek a light. Then
separation would be brought about between them, with a wall having a door in it;
(as for) the inside of it, there shall be mercy in it, and (as for) the outside
of it, before it there shall be punishment.
18. Surely (as for) the charitable men and the
charitable women and (those who) set apart for Allah a goodly portion, it shall
be doubled for them and they shall have a noble reward.
10. O you who believe! when believing women come
to you flying, then examine them; Allah knows best their faith; then if you find
them to be believing women, do not send them back to the unbelievers, neither
are these (women) lawful for them, nor are those (men) lawful for them, and give
them what they have spent; and no blame attaches to you in marrying them when
you give them their dowries; and hold not to the ties of marriage of unbelieving
women, and ask for what you have spent, and kt them ask for what they have
spent. That is Allah's judgment; He judges between you, and Allah is Knowing,
12. O Prophet! when believing women come to you
giving you a pledge that they will not associate aught with Allah, and will not
steal, and will not commit fornication, and will not kill their children, and
will not bring a calumny which they have forged of themselves, and will not
disobey you in what is good, accept their pledge, and ask forgiveness for them
from Allah; surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
O Prophet! when you divorce women, divorce them
for~ their prescribed time, and calculate the number of the days prescribed, and
be careful of (your duty to) Allah, your Lord. Do not drive them out of their
houses, nor should they themselves go forth, unless they commit an open
indecency; and these are the limits of Allah, and whoever goes beyond the limits
of Allah, he indeed does injustice to his own soul. You do not know that Allah
may after that bring about reunion.
· And (as for) those of your women who have despaired of
menstruation, if you have a doubt, their prescribed time shall be three months,
and of those too who have not had their courses; and (as for) the pregnant
women, their prescribed time is that they lay down their burden; and whoever is
careful of (his duty to) Allah He will make easy for him his affair.
28. My Lord! forgive me and my parents and him who
enters my house believing, and the believing men and the believing women; and do
not increase the unjust in aught but destruction!
10. Surely (as for) those who persecute the
believing men and the believing women, then do not repent, they shall have the
chastisement of hell, and they shall have the chastisement of burning.