**
COMPUTATION OF TONNAGE**

**Extract from the regulation for the measurement of
tonnage recommended by the international tonnage commission assembled at Constantinople,
in 1873.**

**A- Rule 1: general principles:**

**(1) The gross tonnage or total capacity
of ships comprises the exact measurement of all spaces (without any exception), below the
upper deck, as well as of all permanently covered and closed in spaces on the deck.
N.B.:
- By permanently covered and closed in spaces on the upper deck are to be understood all
those which are separated off by decks or coverings, or fixed partitions and therefore
represent an increase of capacity which might be used for the stowage of merchandise, or
for the berthing and accommodation of the passengers or of the officers
and crew.
Thus, any one or more openings, either in the deck or coverings, or in the partitions, or
a break in the deck, or the absence of a portion of the partition, will not prevent such
spaces being comprised in the gross tonnage, if they can be easily closed in after
Admeasurement, and thus better fitted for the transport of goods and passengers. But the
spaces under awning decks without other connection with the body of the ship than the
props necessary for supporting them, which are not spaces 'separated off' and are
permanently exposed to the weather and the sea, will not be comprised in the gross
tonnage, although they may serve to shelter the ship's crew, the deck passengers and even
merchandise known as
**

**(2) 'deck loads' are not comprised in the
measurement.
**

**(3) Closed spaces for the use or possible use of
passengers will not be deducted from the gross tonnage.
(4) The determination of deduction for coal spaces may be effected either by the rules of
the European Danube Commission of 1871 or by the exact measurement of fixed bunkers.
**

**B- Rule 2 - For laden ships**

**(ART. 09) - When ships have their cargo on board, or when
for any other reason their tonnage cannot be ascertained by means of Rule 1, proceed in
the following manner:
Measure the length on the upper deck from the outside of the outer plank at the stem to
the aft side of the stern-post, deducting there from the distance between the aft side of
the stern post and the rabbet of the stern post at the point where the counter plank
crosses it.
Measure also the greatest breadth of the ship to the outside of the outer planking or
wales.
Then, having first marked on the outside of the ship, on both sides thereof, the height of
the upper deck at the ship's sides, girt the ship at the greatest breadth in a direction
perpendicular to the keel from the height so marked on the outside of the ship, on the one
side, to the height so marked on the other side by passing a chain under the keel; to half
the girth thus taken add half the main breadth; square the sum, multiply the result by the
length of the ship taken as aforesaid; then multiply this product by the factor 0.17 in
the case of ships built of wood, and by the factor 0.18 in the case of ships built of
iron. The product will give approximately the cubical contents of the ship, and the
general tonnage can be ascertained by dividing by 100 or by 2.83, according to the
measurements taken in English feet or in meters.**

**(ART. 10) - If there be a break, a poop, or other
permanent covered and closed-in spaces (as defined in the general principles) on the upper
deck, the tonnage of such spaces shall be ascertained by multiplying together the mean
length, breadth and depth of such spaces and dividing the product by 100 or 2.83,
according to the measurements taken in English feet or meters, and the quotient so
obtained shall be deemed to be the tonnage of such space, and shall be added to the other
tonnage in order to determine the gross tonnage or total capacity of the ship.**

**C - Deductions**

**To be made from the gross tonnage in order to
ascertain the net tonnage**

**(ART. 11) - To find from the gross tonnage of vessel as
above set forth the official, or net registered tonnage, either for sailing vessels or for
steam ships.**

**(1) Sailing Vessels:**

**(ART. 12) - For sailing vessels deduct: the spaces
exclusively and entirely occupied by the crew and the ship's officers, those taken up by
the cookhouse and latrines exclusively used by the ship's officers and crew whether they
be situated above or below the upper deck; the covered and closed in spaces, if there be
any situated on the upper deck, and used for working the helm, the capstan, the anchor
gear, and for keeping the charts, signals and other instruments of navigation.
Each of the spaces deducted as above may be limited according to the requirements and
customs of each country, but the deductions must never exceed in the aggregate percent of
the gross tonnage.**

**(ART. 13) - The measurement of these
spaces is to be effected according to the rules set forth the measurement of covered and
closed in spaces on the upper deck, for result, obtained by deducting the total of such
allowances from the gross tonnage, represents the net or register tonnage of sailing
vessels.**

**(2) Steam Ships:**

**(ART. 14) - For vessels propelled by steam or any other
mechanical power, deduct:
A - The same spaces as for sailing vessels with the limitation to five percent of the
gross tonnage.
B - The spaces occupied by the engines, boilers, coal bunkers, shaft trunks of screw
steamers, and the spaces between decks and in the covered and closed in erections on the
upper deck surrounding the funnels, and required for the introduction of air and light
into the engine rooms and for the proper working of the engines themselves.
Such deduction cannot exceed 50 per cent of the gross tonnage.**

**(ART. 15) - The measurement of the spaces allowed for
both in sailing vessels and in steam ships is to be effected according to the rules set
forth for sailing vessels. Spaces for which allowances are made in steam ships only.**

**(3) Ships having coal bunkers with movable
partitions:**

**(ART. 16) - In ships that do not have fixed bunkers but
transverse bunkers with movable partitions, with or without lateral bunkers, measure the
space occupied by the engine room, and add to it, for screw steamers 75 percent, and for
paddle steamers, 50 percent of such space.
By the space occupied by the engine rooms is to be understood that occupied by the engine
room itself and by the boiler room together with the spaces strictly required for their
working, with the addition of the space taken up by the shaft trunk in screw steamers and
the spaces between decks which enclose the funnels and are necessary for the admission of
air and light into the engine rooms.
These spaces are measured in the following manner:
Measure the mean depth of the space occupied by the engines and boilers from its crown to
the ceiling at the limber strake, measure also three, or, if necessary, more than three
breadth of the space at the middle of its depth, taking one of such measurements at each
end and another at the middle of the space between the foremost and after most bulkheads
or limits of its length, excluding such parts, if any, as are not actual occupied by or
required for the proper working of the engines and boilers.
Multiply together these dimensions of length, breadth and depth, and the product will be
the cubical contents of the space below the crown.
Then find the cubical contents of the space or spaces, if any, between the crown aforesaid
and the uppermost or poop deck, as the case may be, which are framed in for the machinery
or for the admission of light and air, by multiplying together the length, depth and
breadth thereof.
Add such contents as well as those of the space occupied by the shaft trunk to the cubical
contents of the space below the crown; divide the sum by 100 or by 2.83, according to the
measures taken in feet or meters and the result shall be deemed to be the tonnage
corresponding to the engine and boiler room which serves as basis for the deductions
referred to.
If any ship in which the space aforesaid is to be measured, the engines and boilers are
fitted in separate compartments, the contents of each shall be measured separately in like
manner, according to the above rules, and the sum of their several results shall be deemed
to be the tonnage of the engine rooms which serves, as aforesaid, as basis for the total
deductions.**

**(4) Ships with fixed coal bunkers:**

**(ART. 17) - In ships with fixed coal bunkers measure the
mean length of the engine and boiler room, including the coal bunkers. Ascertain the area
of three transverse sections of the ship to the deck which covers the engines.
One of these three sections must pass through the middle of the aforesaid length, and the
two others through the two extremities.
Add to the sum of the two extreme sections four times the middle one, and multiply the sum
thus obtained by the third of the distance between the sections. This product divided by
100, if the measurements are taken in English feet, or by 2.83 if they are taken in
meters, gives the tonnage of the space in question.
If the engines, boilers and bunkers are in separate compartments they are separately
measured, as above set forth, and the results are added together.
In screw steamers the contents of the shaft trunk are measured by ascertaining the mean
length, breadth and height, and the product of the multiplication of theses three
dimensions divided by 100 or 2.83 according to the measurements taken in feet or in
meters, gives the tonnage of such space.
The tonnage of the following spaces between decks, and in the covered and closed in
erections on the upper deck, is ascertained by the same method:
(a) The spaces framed in round the funnels.
(b) The spaces required for the admission of light and air into the engine
rooms.
(c) The spaces, if any, necessary for the proper working of the engines.**

**(ART. 18) - Instead of the measurement of fixed bunkers,
the rules for bunkers with movable partitions as set forth in Art. 16 may be applied.**

**(ART. 19) - In the case of tugs the allowances are not
limited to 50 percent of the gross tonnage; all the space occupied by machinery, boilers
and coal bunkers may be deducted.
Nevertheless, if such vessels are not exclusively employed as tugs, the deductions in
question cannot exceed 50 percent of the gross tonnage.**